Best Material for Outdoor Furniture

Published on Updated on PRODUCT STORIES by Hongxin Long

What is the best material for outdoor furniture? How to Choose the best furniture material for your patio and garden?

Well aware of the varying seasons, outdoor furniture setting needs to maintain its original fettle and outlook over all seasons and weather conditions. Also, it's essential to consider the resources set aside to preserve the outdoor furniture. The resources needed to determine the costs, placement, eco-friendliness, time, and durability. A combination of these guarantees long-term use and enjoyment, though the more expensive, the better the quality of the product.

Things to consider when selecting outdoor materials

The structure and appearances of outdoor furniture frames, upholstery, and tabletops need to be maintained over long-term and various weather conditions. Similarly, the cost, time, and effort are essential factors to be considered in maintaining materials throughout the year as well as the "green-ness."


Moist and Rain

Anyone living in an area with high humidity or frequent rainstorms would consider buying furniture with high resistance to water-based damage. Health risks and physically degraded material are the effects of standing water and retained moisture.

Rot, Mold, and Mildew

Fungi thrive in moist and humid environments. Irritation, respiratory problems, and other health issues are the effects of Mold and mildew, a product of organic materials that retain water. But they can be cleaned off as they do not typically damage the material. However, rot is a major concern because it causes the decomposition of materials and biodegradation.

Corrosion and Rust

Metals in the form of Iron and steel are susceptible to corrosion when under continual exposure to oxygen and water. The oxidation process caused by corrosion slowly weakens these metals, resulting in discoloration and visible rust effects. In coastal regions, rusting is often more prevalent as water and salt in the air accelerate chemical processes.


The original shape of materials is bound to twist or warp on water-penetrating materials as they can dry unevenly. Over time, the effects will become visibly noticed in the form of misalignment of seams, noticeable distortion on the furniture, loosening of screws, and other fasteners used to put together the furniture. But that may not be the case at the beginning.

Temperature and Sun

You will consider outdoor materials that have high resistance to damage from high UV rays if you live in sunny areas or areas with inconsistent seasonal climate shifts, as well as shift from extreme hot to cold weather conditions.


Materials constantly exposed to the Sun will lose their luster and fade over time. The color change will reduce the vibrancy or cause spotting through the refreshing change that can be appealing(e.g., patina).


When heated or cooled, some materials noticeably contract or expand. Exposure to drastic fluctuations and extreme temperatures causes materials to crack, warp, brittle, and even split. Furniture is susceptible to cracking or bending when exposed to dry air.

Heat Retention

Patio furniture can become unsafe to touch when left in the Sun to heat up. The heat can lead to other logical problems and nobody wants to burn their skin in an attempt to change the position of a poolside lounge chair or when they sit down.


Having heavy outdoor furniture that cannot be tipped over or blown away by the matter of nature - wind is extremely important if you live in an extremely windy or open area. It is better to be safe than sorry. It will not take heavy wind anything to damage a lightweight deck chair or dining table. Hence, you will need to continually secure them when they are not in use.


Some materials can withstand a lot of weather conditions for a lifetime and still look new, while some may need to be replaced after a few years of exposure to a couple of inclement weather under ideal conditions. Usage is another variable that relates to durability. Eating on your patio dining table only a few times will have less wear and tear than daybeds and Sun loungers at the poolside of a popular resort or hotel. The more durable material will be dependent on how frequently it is used.

Care and Cleaning Difficulty

Your patio furniture aesthetics and functional durability are determined by how well you take care of them. Some materials would require special products and more intensive care to keep them working properly and looking great. While others require a simple cleaning exercise with soap and water, and little attention every season. There are also lower maintenance materials if you don't want the hassle or your time is at a premium.


The production processes and the raw materials that go into products have an environmental impact, which has become widely known by individuals though they may not know the specifics. Many individuals prefer to be ecologically responsible and most luxury brands who produce outdoor furniture have adopted eco-friendly manufacturing practices. They now use materials that are certified by eco-friendly organizations, biodegradable, or recyclable. The renewability of different outdoor materials varies according to the Forest Stewardship Council (FCS).


Choosing one material over the other for your furniture comes with financial implications, and everyone considers this whenever they want to make a purchase. But having a good understanding of the long-run cost and prices vs the value of the benefits, and staying within your budget will help your decision. Here are a few questions that can be an eye-opener when evaluating alternative options. How often will there be a need for replacement? Does it require a huge amount of time and effort to maintain?


Best Material for Outdoor Furniture


Alpha Outdoor Aluminium Lounge in Charcoal set against a garden backdrop, with plush cushions, decorative pillows, and a coordinating coffee table.Sun-kissed serenity: the Alpha 5-seater aluminium lounge invites relaxation amidst lush greenery.


There are many types of wood furniture. Outdoor spaces can be transformed into a Spanish-Finca inspired paradise with outdoor wood furniture. Woods like teak, cedar, and acacia are extremely durable and weather resistant. They're also quite appealing to the eye. The Spanish Finca style brings to mind open space with adjacent fields or woodlands, evoking the feel of a Spanish cottage or farmhouse.

Teak outdoor furniture is a good choice because it is low-maintenance and quite strong, resisting cracking and warping. It is water and weather-resistant, lasting longer than many other types of outdoor wood furniture. The teak wood patio set, Ottawa 5-Seater Outdoor Teak Lounge, is versatile enough to go with most color schemes and highly inviting. The biggest downside to teak outdoor furniture is its heavy price tag, driven up over time due to its great durability and popularity coupled with lower supply.

For millennia, wood has remained the popular raw material for furniture. Wood is naturally easy to work with and provides muscle for benches, tables, chairs, and other furnishings. However, when it comes to the outdoors not all woods are created equal. Cedar, pressure-treated pine, and fir which are softwoods are inexpensive and widely used for indoor furnishing but but do not stand up well to weather elements, requiring constant protection when not in use. On the flip side, hardwoods resist weather damage, are much heartier and if properly treated can last for decades, albeit being more expensive and difficult to shape than softwood. Hardwoods have major differences, too.


  • Gives any outdoor space a casual and warm feeling.
  • Cedar and acacia are the best in resisting natural weather.
  • Teak is the best durable material that can last a lifetime if you properly care about it.
  • Withstands sunlight, wind, extreme temperature, humidity, and rain if you seal it properly.


  • Always use pads, felt or coasters to avoid heat marks and moisture ring appearances.
  • If you are in humid climates, consider sealing your furniture using stains or varnishes
  • Get rid of pollen, dust, and dirt using clean water with mild soap to clean sealed wood.
  • Clean painted wood using a damp cloth to avoid exposing it to moisture.
  • To preserve the quality of your wood furniture, keep it away from sunlight and rain if the material is not treated.


An outdoor area with rustic wooden furniture and grey cushions, reflecting a Spanish finca style amidst wild grasses for a tranquil oasis vibe.
Spanish-Finca inspired oasis, adorned with rustic outdoor wood furniture.



When it comes to outdoor furniture, teak is the most popular wood choice. The price of this fine-grained hardwood has been pushed extremely high by its high demand and limited availability. It is ideally suited for outdoor use by its many characteristics.

Teak does not crack, become brittle or warp like many other wood types because it repels water and does not shrink or expand when drying. Teak is highly resistant to rot, insect, and decay because of its high natural oil content. It lasts the longest up to years due to its durability against elements. With minimal oil, the teak's honey brown appearance can be maintained but will change into attractive silver-gray colored patina if not treated over time. At least a few pieces from this handsome wood are made by most patio furniture brands.

Artistic collections of outdoor lounge and dining furniture are gracefully designed with its inherent strength and its natural beauty by Skargaarden and Skargerak, Scandinavian manufacturers. Teak can be cleaned with mind soap and water and is easy to care for.


  • Strong
  • Durable
  • Resistant to decay, weather and insects
  • Easily cared for
  • No cracking or wrapping


  • Very high price



One of the hardwoods that is heavier and stronger than teak is shorea (a.k.a meant ) a reddish-gold Southasian material. Shorea has a dynamic nature, exposure to heat improves its strength (rupture ) and flexibility ( elasticity ) [ Noh and Ahmed 2017 ].

To maintain its sustainability, shorea is highly regulated, like other hardwoods used for outdoor furniture. Its high oil content protects it against insects, resists weather damage, and minimizes rotting. Shorea becomes a silver-gray patina if not oiled regularly just like teak and lasts up to 50 years.

However, it has a drawback which is due to public unfamiliarity, few retailers sell it and the price is lower.


  • Eco-friendly
  • Insect and weather-resistant
  • Strong
  • Cost-effective vs teak.


  • Limited commercial availability



A fast-growing, long-lasting, and strong Australian hardwood that offers significant cost vs teak. Its oil acts as a natural insecticide, it is also weather and rot-resistant. Eucalyptus has a blend rustic appeal from its natural washed appearance and will develop into a silver patina if not oiled regularly. To improve eucalyptus resistance to a pest, a sealant is recommended and this will minimize the impact of uneven moisture retention.


  • Rot and insect resistant
  • Cost-effective
  • Durable
  • Eco-friendly sustainable growth


  • Vulnerable to cracking when untreated
  • Susceptible to pinhole borers and marine


White Oak

White oak is harder and stronger than most hardwoods and lasts for decades. Due to its structural ability to repel water, white oak has been used to build boats and it also resists rots. Due to the lack of much natural oil, it requires sealant or paints to retain its durability. White oak over time if untreated develops an attractive gray patina.


  • Strong
  • Waterproof
  • Water-resistant


  • Contains minimal oil

Other Hardwoods

At a much lower price point than teak, several hardwoods share some of the positive qualities. But they have their drawbacks relative to the above-mentioned hardwoods. Reddish-brown acacia (a.k.a. locust) is available but is more likely to crack or warp than eucalyptus or shorea. While African iroko is very hard to work with, blunts woodworking tools and easily splinters. Roble is scarce, lightweight, and lasts half as long as teak. Mahogany has a beautiful reddish tint, but is coarse, doesn't handle rot as well as teak, and requires a lot of maintenance and.

Metal The most durable and strongest material for outdoor garden furniture is typically metal. It gives manufacturers greater style flexibility due to the strength, metallic frames that can be thinner and shaped into more complex designs than other options. When combined with other materials that have their own functional and aesthetic benefits, metal is a great choice.

Metal chairs and tables that don't require screws, bolts, or other fasteners that make other types of furniture more susceptible to break down can be created using various production techniques.

However, metal has its drawbacks as well. It heats up in the Sun, making it uncomfortable to touch. All metals are vulnerable to corrosion to some degree and rust. Certain metals are very heavy and hard to move. But each type of metal has its own unique set of characteristics.

Resin Wicker

Resin wicker gives the feel of a Spanish villa to your outdoor patio, making it a great style choice for anyone who wants an inviting space that looks comfortable and has more color variation. You can really spice up the ambiance of your patio with resin wicker outdoor furniture, which is made from synthetic materials wrapped or woven over metal. It is weather-resistant and can withstand many types of environments, being durable and usually made using thin strands of nylon, PVC, polyethylene, and or high-density polyethylene.

The best part about resin wicker outdoor furniture is you can choose your cushions and even keep a couple of different sets that vary in color to change up the look of your outdoor space whenever you feel like it. Also referred to as all-weather wicker, this weather-resistant, long-lasting synthetic fiber weave is wrapped over a given metal frame. The wicker furniture is made using rattan and cane, which are traditional materials. The word wicker is drawn from the style in which the furniture is woven and not necessarily the material that was used to make the furniture. 

Here's a good addition to any Spanish villa-style patio, the Koala Outdoor Wicker Hanging Egg Chair. It has style while providing comfort to your outdoor space. You could even add a pair of these.


A patio with a Spanish villa feel, featuring a hanging egg chair and colorful cushioned wicker furniture, against a sunny terracotta villa backdrop.
A Spanish villa-inspired patio with a captivating hanging egg chair.



  • Gives your home and the furniture a perfect traditional look
  • It is more durable compared to traditional wickers
  • Most of the quality resin wicker is UV-resistant, therefore, does not crack or fade
  • Withstand sunlight, rain, and humidity

Care Tips

  • Spray with clean water to remove dirt and pollen
  • Keep air dry
  • If you are not sure about the ability of your furniture to resist sunlight, ensure that you keep it in shade when not in use.


Stone brings a classic English cottage look to your patio, whether we're discussing stone outdoor furniture, referring to actual stone pieces, or concrete, which has grown in popularity over the past couple of decades. Stone and concrete are durable, natural-looking materials that add an organic touch to your space. The obvious con for outdoor stone furniture is its extreme heaviness, which may prevent easy movement depending on the piece's size. However, this weight ensures stability even on blustery days.

The Zen Table and Bench Outdoor Dining Set perfectly complements a patio inspired by a classic English cottage, fostering an outdoor living environment conducive to family gatherings, meals, and recreational activities. Stone is an amazing material for exterior applications, thanks to its organic nature and tonal variations. In recent years, stone outdoor furniture has become an important part of people's outside lifestyle. With a solid structure and smooth surface, stone outdoor furniture is easy to maintain and withstands extreme weather; at the same time, a quality natural stone patio furniture can last many years.

However, everything has two sides. On one hand, most stone patio furniture is bulky and heavy, occupying large spaces and making free movement difficult. On the other hand, the cost of stone outdoor furniture is relatively high. These are some concrete merits and demerits of stone outdoor furniture.


  • It has natural and unparalleled beauty.
  • It has one of the most durable designs compared with other materials.
  • It is no need to polish the stone furniture frequently.
  • It is resistant to abrasion and scratch.
  • It is easy to match your outdoor area design.


  • Most stone outdoor furniture is bulky and heavy.
  • The cost can be expensive.
  • The installation of it is a little bit time-consuming.


the essence of an English cottage garden, complete with manicured hedges and a traditional home in the background.
A concrete outdoor dining setting in a patio evoking classic English Cottage vibes.



For outdoor furniture, Aluminum is the most popular metal. It is strong, durable and can easily be transformed into a variety of shapes, despite its lightweight. Aluminum has low maintenance, is relatively inexpensive, and it never rusts. A polyester powder coating is recommended, although it is highly weather-resistant on its own. This electrostatic process not only increases protection against the elements and scratching, but it also allows you to add color mix.

Powder coating adheres better to the metal and is much more resistant to fading, though you can buy painted Aluminum. This is also helpful if your deck or poolside is exposed to salt air, which tends to eat away at the paint and untreated metal. It's best to have seat cushions to keep you cool and comfortable because, like other metals, Aluminum heats up. 

Aluminum, though also powder-coated, is much lighter than stainless steel. It's made to be sturdy but can dent quite easily and will blow over in even just a slight wind. It's cheaper than other metal outdoor furniture, though, so it's the right choice for those on a tight budget. The Fermo Outdoor Aluminum Bench is not only simple and chic but priced attractively. 


A minimalist aluminum bench showcasing Scandinavian design, set in a modern outdoor space with reflective water features and topiary plants.
Scandinavian chic embodied in the minimalist Aluminium bench.



  • Inexpensive
  • lightweight
  • Weather-resistant
  • Strong
  • Low maintenance


  • It retains heat and hollow tube frames may blow over in high winds.


Wrought Iron

If properly cared for, Iron can last a hundred years. Throughout history, it has been used for buildings, furnishings, and tools because of its durability and strength. It is difficult to move wrought or cast-iron furniture because it is among the heaviest of metals and won't blow over in the wind.

Wrought iron is extremely malleable when heated and hammered into shape. This allows it to form ornate hand-crafted designs with an upscale artisan feel. Cast iron, on the other hand, is heavier and harder to manage than wrought Iron. It can be melted and poured into molds.

Outdoor iron tabletops and frames require a lot of care to maintain, clean, and protect against rusting, yet it is long-lasting. The best contemporary wrought Iron is treated with weather-resistant finishing to seal out damaging moisture.

Similarly, the metal gets very hot in summer and cold if left out in the winter, it tends to match the prevailing temperature. Wrought iron outdoor furniture can be uncomfortable without upholstery to cushion the seat and backrests.

Wrought iron is quite heavy and expensive, as well. Those looking for a more elegant and classic look may like the look of wrought iron. 


  • Solid
  • Stylish classic look
  • Durable
  • Great for windy areas


  • Difficult to move
  • Requires more maintenance
  • Rusts easily
  • Can be uncomfortable
  • Retains heat or cold


Stainless Steel

Stainless steel outdoor furniture can seamlessly give your patio space a stream-lined and modern look. It looks clean and sleek for a Scandinavian chic theme. This is a great material option for large weight-bearing outdoor dining tables, sectionals, and sofas because this sturdy metal alloy is extremely strong. Its high density helps prevent dents and other damage from frequent use. Stainless steel endures extreme temperatures better than most metals, while it does get hot to the touch when exposed to the summer heat.

Especially in coastal areas where water and salt air are present, a powder coating is recommended for added resistance, and keeps moisture from seeping in. Its composition makes it virtually immune to corrosion and rust. Comparing different types of stainless steel, the higher the Chromium content the more resistant the alloy is to atmospheric corrosion.

Similarly, the presence of Molybdenum prevents red rust and reduces the depth of surface pitting. Garden and patio furniture made from stainless steel is heavy and will not tip over or blow away under windy conditions, but light enough that it's still easy to move around.

It's a great material choice for high end modern outdoor furniture since its sleek silvery metallic finish has a chic contemporary look. Though it is expensive, stainless steel is worth every penny. Not only is it relatively easy to clean, but it's often made using recycled metals, making it an environmentally responsible choice.


  • Its heavyweight makes it stable ensuring a lasting construction
  • Steel does not dent easily like aluminum, which is very light in weight.
  • The powder coat prevents moisture and therefore no rusting.
  • Gives your space a clean and sophisticated look
  • Withstands humidity, rain, and extreme temperatures.


  • Retains heat and expensive


Resin & Plastic

In the world of outdoor furniture, man-made synthetic materials such as resin and plastic, are becoming more prevalent. New manufacturing processes can enable these polymers to take on sizes and shapes previously unattainable.

Synthetics can be molded into any decor style imaginable and they are typically lightweight and inexpensive. They fade resistant and don't require paint or sealants as used by other materials because the color is inherent in the chemical make-up. They are easy to maintain and clean. The number of plastics and resins is growing but here are a few of the more common ones currently in use.

All-Weather Wicker - Synthetic ResinSynthetic polyethylene resin is used to making virtually all outdoor wicker furniture. A variety of organic sources such as bamboo, rattan, seagrass, banana leaf, and willow are used to make natural wicker. While strong and aesthetically pleasing, plant-based wicker is susceptible to damage from rainy weather, moisture and humidity – a poor material choice for outdoor chairs, sofas, and coffee tables.

High-quality resin is eco-friendly, very dense, and resistant to weather damage. High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is highly puncture-resistant, does not emit any chemicals, and can be exposed to UV rays without experiencing any degradation for decades. [Topliff 2018]. Synthetic all-weather wicker is easy to clean, fade-resistant, lightweight, and also strong.

Resin outdoor furniture is durable, waterproof, and can bring Italian sophistication to your outdoor space. The best waterproof material for outdoor furniture is recycled resin as it maintains its shape in even the dampest of climates while also keeping its color where the sun beats down. You will not have to replace resin outdoor furniture for quite a long time. 

One of our favorite pieces to add to any patio inspired by Italian sophistication is Nardi Doga Outdoor Resin Dining Armchair. This piece comes in a variety of hues that will match any color scheme.  

Recycled resin can endure broad temperature swings, wind, rain, snow, beating sun, and heavy use. You'll find this material maintains its shape, color, and beauty through almost anything. 


An elegant outdoor dining area with sophisticated Italian-style resin chairs, set against a backdrop of manicured greenery and ambient lighting.
Embodying Italian sophistication, resin dining chairs inspire elegance in any outdoor setting.


Lower quality synthetic wickers that tend to become brittle and crack over time are made from polyvinyl chloride (PVC). To increase the weight it can support, most outdoor wicker patio furniture is constructed over an aluminum frame. Synthetic wicker can be made virtually indistinguishable from natural wicker by coloring it an organic shade. It can also be given a vibrant tone that adds a pop of color to your hardwood deck and lanai.


  • Can look like natural wicker
  • HDPE wicker is 100% recyclable
  • Easy to clean
  • Extremely weather-resistant


  • Not ideal for windy environments.


Recycled Plastic

For stylish outdoor patio furniture, eco-friendly recycled plastic - i.e., shampoo bottles, made from milk cartons, etc. is a great option. It is resistant to insects, moisture, and mildew, extraordinarily strong, durable, and saltwater.

Though still susceptible to high winds, recycled plastic can be heavier than other plastic materials. It doesn't require much maintenance, crack, or peel. It is easy to clean with soap and water, and stain resistant.


  • Fade and weather-resistant
  • Strong
  • "Green"
  • Easy to clean


  • Too light for extremely windy conditions

Other Plastics

The most common form of plastic used to make deck furniture is Polyethylene (PE). High-density version (HDPE) is required for outdoor applications because it is cost-effective, more durable, and weather resistant. Polypropylene (PP) is highly resistant to chemical degradation and head, and lighter weight.

Although susceptible to scratching, Polycarbonate (PC) is a very tough material that is impact-resistant. When transparency is desired, it is the preferred choice of plastic. Acrylic – Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is similar to polycarbonate in that it is clear. However, this less expensive alternative is not as strong and is vulnerable to cracking.


Miscellaneous Outside Furniture Materials

Luxury outdoor furniture utilizes several other durable materials in a variety of applications in addition to wood, metal, and plastic. Patio dining tables, for example, may have metallic or wooden frames with a tabletop made from another material. These substances have different qualities that are appropriate for specific aesthetic and functional requirements.

High-Pressure Laminate (HPL)

High-Pressure Laminate is a composition usually made of kraft paper that is impregnated with Aluminum and resin and then heated under high pressure to create a contemporary layered material.

HPL has a sleek look and is extremely hard which helps it resist scratch and stains. To increase its durability, melamine can be added. It possesses antibacterial properties and flame retardant.

HPL made with pine kraft lignin is especially good for outdoor applications, as it has a low rapport with water which can cause cracking, swelling, internal stress.


  • Sleek modern look
  • Resists bacteria
  • Superficial marks from spills or impact


  • It can cost more than alternative materials

Tempered Glass

Because of its resistance to temperature changes, tempered glass is often used for outdoor tabletops. Lacquering glass increases its protection against the effects of the elements, while acid washing inures it to smudges and fingerprints. Its smooth surface provides an elegant touch, while the clarity creates an open and airy feel.

Glass is a great choice for sunroom or screened-in porch dining and coffee tables, where there is some shade to prevent the sun from reflecting off it and blind guests. Glass can be tough and heavy to move, depending on the thickness.


  • Looks elegant
  • Resists temperature


  • It may be too heavy to move easily
  • Can cause glare in sunny areas


While some minimalist modern environments may incorporate solid concrete outdoor furniture into their permanent design, this composite is more frequently employed in conjunction with other materials. It can serve as a sturdy base for glass top dining and lounge tables, or as an imposing tabletop sitting upon a solid metal frame.

Concrete is strong, timeless, and can withstand the harshest elements for years. It can be poured into a variety of shapes and, when reinforced with fiber, molded into thinner constructions.

Fibers may consist of glass, steel, synthetic, or organic material, and they increase the structural integrity of the concrete. It also helps the material withstand water and frost better.


  • Durable
  • Strong
  • Can take on any shape


  • It may be too heavy to move easily


Reference Sources 




  1. What Is the Longest Lasting Patio Material?

  • The longest lasting patio materials include brick, stone, pavers, and porcelain tile. You'll find these all-in various colors. With the exception of porcelain tile, these are all quite low-maintenance options, also. Porcelain tile may need a little upkeep for cleaning or cracking. 
  1. What Is the Best Material to Use for a Patio?

  • The best material to use for a patio is concrete pavers. There are several reasons for this. They are highly durable and easy to take care of. They come in a wide variety of textures and colors. They're also quite cost effective. 
  1. What Is the Least Expensive Patio Material?

  • The least expensive patio material is gravel, though it may not be very practical. It's tough to keep level and isn't comfortable. The next least expensive is poured concrete, which is much easier to take care of. 
  1. What Is the Lowest Maintenance Patio?

  • Low maintenance patios are made of pavers or concrete, typically. It also helps to keep grass and other plants trimmed away from the patio so it's easier to mow and maintain them. 

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